The risk management of container ports has drawn significant attention recently in part because of recent high-profile accidents in global container ports and in part due to the increasing focus on port safety as a key element in sustainable maritime transportation. This research presented a novel, two-layer container port risk assessment model by partitioning the container port into four areas based on the process of container transportation: loading and unloading, in-port container transportation, storage, and gate areas. Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) and quantitative risk analysis modeling were combined for each part of the process to evaluate the risk of accidents in container ports. Historical container port accident data from the Port of Keelung, one of the international ports in Taiwan, were used to demonstrate the novel risk analysis method. The result revealed that risk mitigation should be prioritized to improve the safety of container storage and mitigate the risk of equipment-caused failures in the storage area of the container yard, as well as the risks of accidents on the receiving route for import containers. This study also proposed a standardized port accident data reporting form to enhance data quality and future resolution of quantitative risk analysis. The results of this study provide container port operators and regulators useful information for formulating port risk control strategies, thereby reducing the risk of the operation of port containers and improving port safety.
Lin, Chen-Yu; Hwang, Ming-Jiu; and Yen, Tzu-Heng
"Research on Risk Assessment of Container Operation Process in Ports Considering Functional Areas,"
Journal of Marine Science and Technology: Vol. 31:
4, Article 11.
Available at: https://jmstt.ntou.edu.tw/journal/vol31/iss4/11