In the maritime industry, the management of empty containers is a significant issue whose costs account for a large proportion of the total world fleet running costs. To reduce repositioning activities and increase cost effectiveness, this paper proposes a solution framework considering empty container sharing and exchanging strategies to coordinate the shipping lines in a maritime transportation network. The proposed solution framework considers an empty container matching platform company and a group of shipping lines in a given shipping network. Because of the interactive relationship between the two parties, the proposed problem is formulated as a bilevel programming problem, and a branch and bound-based algorithm that explores the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) features is applied. To validate the proposed solution approach, a practical Asia-Europe-Oceania shipping network is used to conduct numerical experiments. The benefits of the proposed solution framework are shown in the results.
Lin, Dung-Ying and Juan, Chieh-Ju
"A Bilevel Mathematical Approach for the Empty Container Repositioning Proble with a Sharing and Exchanging Strategy in Liner Shipping,"
Journal of Marine Science and Technology: Vol. 29:
3, Article 13.
Available at: https://jmstt.ntou.edu.tw/journal/vol29/iss3/13