Seasonal dynamics in fish distribution and abundance revealed by an acoustic survey in coastal waters of the Suzu Area, Kochi Prefecture, Japan
For Japan's fishery, it is essential to conduct sustainable and efficient fishery owing to the decline in fish catch as well as the fisher population. To obtain information that contributes to sustainable and efficient fishery, we researched appropriate set-net locations with regard to fish distribution, abundance, and environmental characteristics. We conducted surveys from 2017/5 to 2018/2 in the Suzu coastal area, Kochi Prefecture, where the only main industry is set-net fishery. We investigated the seasonal relationships between fish school characteristics, including distribution and size, and marine environmental conditions in the Suzu coastal area, using a quantitative echo sounder (KSE300 SONIC, 38 kHz) and other devices. We observed that every season showed similar trends in the horizontal structure; fish densities were higher on the coast side, and in some seasons, these were higher at approximately 2000 m offshore. In addition, fish densities were higher in seas at depths up to 30 m. Set-net fishery is conducted in Suzu District at 300 m from the shoreand at a depth of approximately 35 m. The point of installation of set-nets is based on fish school distribution. In our study, we determined the most appropriate set-net installation points. This study not only provides a scientific basis for point selection but could also enhance the existing fishery that is limited to an aging fisher population and catch instability.
Zhu, Yanhui; Minami, Kenji; Iwahara, Yuka; Oda, Kentaro; Hidaka, Koichi; Hoson, Osamu; Morishita, Koji; Tsuru, Sentaro; Hirota, Masahito; Shirakawa, Hokuto; and Miyashita, Kazushi
"Seasonal dynamics in fish distribution and abundance revealed by an acoustic survey in coastal waters of the Suzu Area, Kochi Prefecture, Japan,"
Journal of Marine Science and Technology: Vol. 29:
2, Article 6.
Available at: https://jmstt.ntou.edu.tw/journal/vol29/iss2/6
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