Gueishan Island, located along the strong Kuroshio current, is one of the most essential fishing grounds in Taiwan’s offshore fishery, and critical during its transitional fishery periods. However, long-term pollution, overfishing and rapid coastal development result in overexploitation and adverse environmental and ecological impacts. Previous studies focused on single species fishery management or merely the interpretation relevant laws whereas the views and perceptions of the stakeholders are often overlooked. Therefore, stakeholders’ participation and co-management seem to challenge the future establishment of a Marine Protected Area (MPA) in Gueishan Island. This study focuses on the evaluation of stakeholders’ perception and analyzes the critical success factors for MPA planning through semi-structured interviews and questionnaires. The results showed that although most fishermen do not fully understand the intention of MPAs, they pay much attention to the negotiations among stakeholders before an MPA is implemented. Thus, stimulating appreciation and education about conservation and MPAs is crucial while setting up a co-management mechanism is recommended for the implementation of such MPA.

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