Past literature has mostly discussed port selection. However, within a given region, any port which meets a carrier’s threshold conditions is eligible for consideration, and a terminal operator at any of these ports is a candidate for entering into a contract with the carrier. The choice is not restricted to terminal operators at a single given port. Thus the choice of terminal operator between ports within a given region is an important issue in the decision-making process and has rarely been addressed in the literature. The main purpose of this paper is to examine a situation in which all ports in a country or region meet the minimum criteria set by carriers, and how carriers then select terminal operators.
Shiau, Tzay-An; Lin, Li-Mei; and Hsiao, Ding-Hsun
"SELECTING PORTS AND TERMINAL OPERATORS - AN APPLICATION OF PSO,"
Journal of Marine Science and Technology: Vol. 19:
5, Article 5.
Available at: https://jmstt.ntou.edu.tw/journal/vol19/iss5/5